Credits and References

view from a boat cockpit through windows out on morro bay, other boats, old power plant stacks, and morro rock are visible.


The material in this website was produced as a senior project by Cal Poly San Luis Obispo graduate Iliana Arroyos (supervised by Dr. Jennifer O’Leary) in 2018.

Photos, text, and research by: Iliana Arroyos

Reviewed by: Jennifer O'Leary, California Sea Grant/Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

Published by: California Sea Grant

Eelgrass Extent Overtime Maps Provided by the Morro Bay National Estuary Program


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Graham, M. H., et al. “Post-Glacial Redistribution and Shifts in Productivity of Giant Kelp Forests.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 277, no. 1680, 2009, pp. 399–406., doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.1664.

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Kamer, Krista, et al. “The Relative Importance of Sediment and Water Column Supplies of Nutrients to the Growth and Tissue Nutrient Content of the Green Macroalga Enteromorpha Intestinalis along an Estuarine Resource Gradient.” Aquatic Ecology, vol. 38, no. 1, 2004, pp. 45–56., doi:10.1023/b:aeco.0000021041.31385.19.

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Mondragon, Jennifer, and Jeff Mondragon. Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast: Common Marine Algae from Alaska to Baja California. Sea Challengers, 2003.

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Reynolds, Laura K., et al. “Restoration Recovers Population Structure and Landscape Genetic Connectivity in a Dispersal-Limited Ecosystem.” Journal of Ecology, vol. 101, no. 5, 2013, pp. 1288–1297., doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12116.

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Allman, S. and S. Rubio 2013. "Dendraster excentricus" (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed June 10, 2018 at

Cameron, A. 2001. "Cancer antennarius" (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed June 14, 2018 at

Cohen, Andrew N. 2011. The Exotics Guide: Non-native Marine Species of the North American Pacific Coast. Center for Research on Aquatic Bioinvasions, Richmond, CA, and San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA. Revised September 2011.

Dice, S. 2014. "Aplysia californica" (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed June 10, 2018 at

Elder, A. 2001. "Anthopleura sola" (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed June 10, 2018 at

Ervin, J. 2000. "Patiria miniata" (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed June 10, 2018 at

“Kelp Crab · University of Puget Sound.” Savanna · University of Puget Sound, Accessed June 10, 2018

Milligan, Kristen. “Studying Sea Star Wasting.” PISCO, 23 Sept. 2016,

Oliver, Jennifer, and Anja Schmelter. “Life History of the Native Shore Crabs Hemigrapsus Oregonensis and Hemigrapsus Nudus and Their Distribution, Relative Abundance and Size Frequency Distribution at Four Sites in Yaquina Bay, Oregon.”, Accessed June 10, 2018

Rosario Beach Marine Laboratory. “Blueband Hermit Crab - Pagurus samuelis - Details.” Encyclopedia of Life, Accessed June 14, 2018

Rosario Beach Marine Laboratory. “Graceful Rock Crab - Metacarcinus Gracilis - Details.” Encyclopedia of Life, Accessed June 10, 2018

Rosario Beach Marine Laboratory. “Pentidotea resecata - Details.” Encyclopedia of Life, Accessed June 10, 2018

“Striped Shore Crab.” Cabrillo Marine Aquarium, Accessed June 10, 2018

Wong, Karen. “Hemigrapsus Oregonensis.” Nereocystis Luetkeana, 2005, Accessed June 10, 2018